Banks aren’t Alone in their Omnichannel Unreadiness

Banks aren’t Alone in their Omnichannel Unreadiness

In December, Celent surveyed a panel of North American banks and credit unions to assess the current and likely future state of retail and business banking channel systems. The report is chock full of fascinating insights. Among them is a rather sobering self-assessment of banks' omnichannel delivery capability

A recent experience renting a car painfully demonstrated that banks aren’t the only ones that have a ways to go.

7:00 AM…

Me: Visited the company's website. Easily searched and located a car at a location very close to my home. Quickly booked the automobile and received an e-mail confirmation promptly. The web site displayed the location of all area locations and recommended this one based on its proximity to my known location. Reservation for 2:00 this afternoon. So far so good.

10:00 AM…

Enterprise called and left a voicemail indicating there were some “qualifying details” we would need to discuss prior to my 2:00 PM reservation.

10:30 AM…

I returned the call. The problem was that I reserved an intermediate size car and none were available – just large SUVs and 15-person passenger vans. That relevant information was not conveyed in my otherwise stellar digital experience with the brand.

  • Me: “What about other locations?” I asked.
  • Agent: “I can see what they have on the lot, but I don’t know the plans they have for them. Unfortunately, I can’t book for you. Feel free to call other locations yourself and see which ones may have an intermediate size car for you.”
  • Me: “You mean I have to dial for dollars around Greater Atlanta to find an intermediate size car? Your web site indicated availability and gave me a confirmation. What’s up?”
  • Agent: "Sorry, but that's a long story. Look, if you’re okay driving a large SUV, I can give it to you at an intermediate rate. Would that be okay?”
  • Me: “I think so. It’s not what I want, but I’ll take it.”
  • Agent: “Do you need a pick up also?”
  • Me: “Yes, please – just prior to 2:00 – thank you”

1:30 PM…

The phone rings again, it’s Enterprise. This time, it is the location calling, not the contact center.

  • Agent: “Sir, we have a problem with your rental reservation. We don’t have any intermediate size cars at this location.”
  • Me: “Yes, I know. I spoke with your colleague at 10:30 this morning. You agreed to rent me an SUV at an intermediate price and pick me up prior to 2:00.”
  • Agent: “Do you know who you spoke with?”
  • Me: “I’m sorry, no. I didn’t get his name”.
  • Agent: "Was it a man or a woman?"
  • Me: "It was a male colleague of yours, but I don't recall his name."
  • Agent: "Was he from this location?"
  • Me: "I don't know. By the way, why whould I care?"
  • Agent: "Well, I've been pretty much the only one working at this location all morning."
  • Me: "Thanks for sharing, but what does that have to do with my reservation?"
  • Agent: "I'm just trying to find out who you spoke with."
  • Me: "Why is that relevant? I have a reservation and we have an agreement – and it's almost 2:00."
  • Agent: "I dont think he was supposed to do that."
  • Me: "So, are you going to rent me a car, van, SUV or whatever for an intermediate rate or not?"
  • Agent: "Yes, sir, we'll do that.
  • Me: "Great – see you in a few minutes".

A few days later…

Atlanta traffic kept me from returning the rental during normal business hours. Handily, there are provisions for after-hours drop-off. The rental is processed the next business day and costomers receive a final receipt via e-mail.  That's the plan, anyway. It's been several days and no receipt. After calling the store, I was told the e-mail system has been down.

My bank looks very good about now.

Congratulations to All Celent Model Bank 2017 Award Winners!

Congratulations to All Celent Model Bank 2017 Award Winners!

Many of us at Celent just came back from a busy and exciting week in Boston. Undoubtedly, the highlight was attending Celent's Innovation and Insight Day on April 4th, where we celebrated achievements of the Model Bank and Model Insurer award winners.

The rain and clouds couldn't obscure spectacular views from the State Room overlooking the Boston harbour. And they certainly didn't dampen the mood of nearly 300 attendees representing banks, insurers and technology vendors from at least 15 countries around the world.

Craig Weber, Celent CEO, opened the day by presenting compelling evidence that financial services are more important than many celebrities. He was followed by an insightful presentation from Andy Rear, chief executive of Munich Re Digital Partners. The programme then split into parallel Banking, Insurance and Wealth and Asset Management tracks before reconvening again to close with a series of debates between Celent analysts on three topics: Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and blockchain.

During the Banking track we presented Model Bank awards, and discussed the winning initiatives and why they stood out from all others. As regular readers of this blog know, this year we introduced specific named awards with only a single winner for each award. I would like to offer my personal congratulations to all of our Model Bank 2017 winners:

Winner

Award

Alior Bank S.A., Poland

Emerging Technology for Consumers

Banco Original, Brazil

Consumer Digital Platform

Bank of America, USA

Risk Management

BMO Bank of Montreal, Canada

Process Automation

Capital One, USA

Emerging Technology for Businesses

CBW Bank, USA

Banking as a Platform

Citi, USA

Open Banking

Credit Suisse AG, Switzerland

Payments Replatforming

DenizBank, Turkey

Lending Product

Emirates NBD and ICICI Bank, India and UAE

Most Promising Proof-of-Concept

FGB, UAE

Corporate Banking Digital Platform

Idea Bank S.A., Poland

Small Business Digital Platform

India Post, India

Financial Inclusion

IndusInd Bank, India

Fraud Management and Cybersecurity

Millennium BCP, Portugal

Branch Transformation

Mizuho Financial Group, Japan

Consumer Banking Channel Innovation

National Australia Bank, Australia

Core Banking Transformation

OakNorth Bank, UK

Banking in the Cloud

Radius Bank, USA

Product Innovation

The Royal Bank of Scotland, UK

Employee Productivity

YES BANK, India

Payments Product

And of course, congratulations to Caixa Bank, our Model Bank of the Year 2017! The keynote presentation by Àngels Valls on how Caixa Bank has embraced digital was the highlight of the I&I Day for many of us in Banking – thank you! Finally, congratulations to Celent Model Insurer award recipients.

Each of the award winning initiatives is published as a case study and available to Celent research clients by following the links above. In addition, we also published an overall Model Bank 2017 report, which discusses how the Model Bank programme has changed over 10 years and reviews the content themes across all nominations in 2017.

We intend to run the Model Bank programme again later this year, so keep an eye on the announcements when the new submissions window opens. We have no doubt that you are all working on exciting things and hope that you will consider submitting your initiatives for 2018 awards. In the meantime, enjoy the case studies and let's celebrate the Model Bank winners of 2017!

Emerging Innovation in Banking

Emerging Innovation in Banking

Over the past few weeks we have been previewing various content themes we will be discussing at our Insight and Innovation Day in Boston on April 4th. I would like to finish this series of posts by looking at the new Model Bank category we introduced this year – Emerging Innovation.

When we added this category, we weren’t quite sure what to expect, but we certainly hoped to see the banks’ efforts at the “bleeding edge” of innovation. We were very pleased with the number and quality of such nominations, which spanned the gamut of the hottest topics today. Many of these truly outstanding stories are still in relatively early stages, but all are very interesting and pointing to the future of banking.

Model Bank nominations in 2017 showcased the banks’ efforts in the areas at the forefront of innovation in banking:

  • Innovative customer engagement: the most innovative banks go where their customers are; for example, banks are experimenting with ways to engage their customers directly from social media platforms via chatbots and other tools. They are also looking to introduce new channels, such as wearables.
  • Artificial intelligence (AI): Model Bank submissions demonstrated the diversity of AI technologies and their applications:
    • Driving a virtual agent capable to have a written exchange with the customer via a chatbot, or to even hold a verbal conversation on the phone.
    • Powering a robot to support customer engagement in physical branches.
    • Deployed behind the scenes as a tool to help the customer service agents.
    • Helping determine the best marketing offer for the customer.
  • Biometrics: banks are stepping up their efforts to deploy biometric authentication in their bid to provide customers more convenience while ensuring security. They are expanding beyond fingerprints and are experimenting with other modalities such as facial and voice biometrics. And it’s also not just for consumers – banks are beginning to use biometrics in the corporate banking context as well.
  • APIs: we already spoke about APIs when describing Open Banking, but want to highlight this again, given the importance of APIs. While banks in Europe must open up because of regulation, leading banks around the world are not waiting for the regulators and are starting to provide API-based access to their services to others. And some banks are pursuing a “marketplace banking” strategy seeking to position themselves as a banking platform in the centre on which third parties can build a myriad of discrete services. 
  • Blockchain: given how many banks have started exploring blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies, we were hoping to see some nominations describing their efforts in this space. We were not disappointed and received initiatives ranging from collaborative efforts around cross-border payments and trade finance to “solo” efforts of a single bank using blockchain to manage employee incentives.

We will be discussing all these topics and more at our Insight and Innovation Day next week. It is also the time when we announce and award all the Model Bank winners, including our Model Bank of the Year. We are in the final stages of preparation and are very excited! The event has been sold out for weeks, so if you haven't yet registered you might be too late… If you have registered, we are looking forward to welcoming you there, although if your plans have changed, please let us know so that we could invite those on the waiting list. See you in Boston!

Challenges Facing Organizations in the Current Risk Environment

Challenges Facing Organizations in the Current Risk Environment

The Association for Financial Professionals (AFP) recently published its 2017 AFP Risk Survey Report of Survey Results. The survey, supported by Marsh & McLennan Companies (Celent’s parent company), provides a snapshot of the challenges organizations face in the current risk environment. Responses from 480 senior-level corporate practitioners (primarily based in the US) formed the basis of the survey.

Corporate practitioners rank the highest risk factor impacting organization earnings in the next three years as tougher competition (40%), followed by customer satisfaction (33%), and U.S. political and regulatory uncertainty (32%.) While the three top-ranked factors are similar to those in the 2016 AFP Risk Survey, the order differs.

The survey authors made an intriguing observation on the ranking of risk factors: “It is interesting that in an election year (during which this survey was conducted), finance professionals believed competition would have a greater impact on their organizations’ earnings than would any uncertainty surrounding the U.S. political and regulatory environment.”

The report of survey results goes on to discuss risk mitigation actions in direct response to various types of risk. For example, in response to geopolitical risks, 60% of respondents are most focused on maintaining adequate liquidity, with a greater share of larger companies than smaller companies paying attention to maintaining liquidity (65% to 57%).

If you are a corporate banker or treasury management professional, I highly recommend a reading of the 2017 AFP Risk Survey results. The survey data provides valuable insights into the current and emerging threats facing US corporations of all sizes.

Needless Controversy in the Branch vs. Digital Debate

Needless Controversy in the Branch vs. Digital Debate

In a previous post I argued for the enduring importance of human, face-to-face contact in financial services. By the reactions I received, you’d think I was purposefully inciting controversy.

  • One influential industry observer thought I was irresponsible in advocating inaction.
  • Another wrote a lengthy and snarky rebuttal.
  • Others took issue with my comparing retail banking to other retail categories, as if there is nothing to be learned by studying the broader digital commerce landscape.
  • Others took issue with aspects of the surveyed retail deposit mix data I cited to demonstrate that branch deposits remain persistently common.

Honestly, I expected a mixed response: push back from those who are invested in advancing digital banking and agreement from branch technology vendors. We all have self-serving tendencies. But, I did not expect – nor intend – to precipitate such controversy. What is so heretical to my digital brethren’s ears that they would be so obviously offended with my advocacy that banks pay attention to both digital and in-person engagement mechanisms? That was, after all, the essence of my previous post which began with “Digital needs to be a top technology priority among financial institutions”.

Needless Controversy

I think part of the issue here was addressed in a previous post, Three Mistakes Banks Make. We are at risk by oversimplifying things that are inherently complex. In so doing, we fail to appreciate diversity of customer needs or preferences. Much of the digital/branch debate speaks to binary outcomes. Reality is much more nuanced.

This tendency reminds me of a well-conducted consumer research initiative that resulted in January 2016 news that for the first time, “mobile banking exceeds branch banking”. It made quite a splash in the press, for obvious reasons. The data is both relevant and important. It offers clear evidence of the growing importance of digital banking. But the common interpretation overstated digital’s current level of influence.

My issue is not with the research, but how it was interpreted. Many trumpeted the research as evidence of the final nail in the branch banking coffin. “See, the branch is dead!” was the nominal conclusion offered by most observers I think. However, a closer look at the data invites a different interpretation. The specific metric being graphed wasn’t explicitly cited in many references to the research. Too bad, because the graph compares the percentage of randomly surveyed banked consumers over time that use the branch or mobile channel in the past week. A graph showing past three month or past twelve month usage would be rather different. It would show that a much higher percentage of banked consumers visit branches. They do – just not in any given week, day or hour! Usage intervals are longer in the branch – shocking!

The enduring relevance of the branch channel is abundantly clear in Federal Reserve Board sponsored research, Consumers and Mobile Financial Services, conducted annually since 2011 and most recently published in March 2016. The graph below from the March 2016 report compares surveyed past 12 month usage among the general banked population (all respondents) as well as smartphone owners. This equally credible research suggests that roughly one year ago, twice as many banked consumers use the branch and ATM channels than mobile banking.

Both graphs present credible research. Only one fits a certain popular narrative.

The take away for most banks in my opinion is clear and transcends the silly, either-or debate: create and sustain a compelling customer experience across all points of engagement. As customer preferences continue to change, banks will need to continually adjust operating models. Easier said than done for sure. The needless controversy isn't helping banks get this job done.

Celent Model Bank 2017 Awards: The Payments Preview

Celent Model Bank 2017 Awards: The Payments Preview

This is the next instalment of our Model Banking preview blogs, and it’ll come as no surprise that I will focus on Payments.

Reading and evaluating the Model Bank entries is always fascinating. It’s also somewhat frustrating too at times – payments, covering so much territory, often ends up with the tricky task of comparing two very different projects, and trying to decide which is best. This year was no different, with the quality of entries high.

Until we announce all winners publicly on April 4 at our 2017 Innovation & Insight Day in Boston, we’re unable to say too much more – very frustrating! In addition to presenting the award to the winners, we will be discussing broader trends we’ve seen across all nominations and will share our perspectives why we chose those particular initiatives as winners. Unfortunately though, if you’ve not already registered, it’s too late. As with every year, it’s not only sold out, there is a growing wait list too!

So until April 4th, what can we take away from the Payment entries as a whole this year?

First, the entries this year reinforce how hard it is for any single bank to come up with a cutting edge product innovation in payments. As a result, we had a number of entries submitted jointly by multiple FIs describing their initiatives on blockchain, P2P infrastructures, and other collaborative efforts.

We also saw, particularly in the retail space, the adoption of innovations in one market, transposed from another. There were a number of these, particularly in wallets and P2P. Not bad, just not new and often with a very specific market context. For example, one technology had been in place in a different country for at least 5 years, yet the impact will be huge for the bank who submitted it, and is leading edge for their market.

This perhaps serves as a timely reminder that innovation isn’t always about cutting edge technology, but doing something different. Scanning other markets for what they do, and why, is a great source of new ideas, Given that these innovations are, by definition, tried, tested and live, it also has the benefit of being easier to adopt, from the likely business benefits to the actual technology used and lessons learnt.

The second theme is the continued payments back-office renovation story, particularly around the adoption of payment services hubs, which continue apace. Whilst we have defined what is or isn’t a hub, we have always been clear that no two hub projects are exactly the same, and the entries this year reinforce that.

A few things really stood out in particular about the entries. First, some clients still consider hubs to be mainly European, yet we had entries from right around the globe. Second, whilst the details may differ, common to all was the belief that the bank had to re-engineer payments, not just for the future, but to better respond to changes that were imminent. Given the change in the last 10 years, and the likely change in the next 10, perhaps the question for many banks is more about when than if they also undergo their own transformation.

Look out for the case studies being published on April 4th for more detail!

Celent Model Bank Awards: Fraud, Risk Management, Process Automation and Flub-Free

Celent Model Bank Awards: Fraud, Risk Management, Process Automation and Flub-Free

It is my privilege to be part of the judging panel for Celent Model Bank Awards for 2017 for the following three categories:

  • Fraud Management and Cybersecurity – for the most creative and effective approach to fraud management or cybersecurity.
  • Risk Management – for the most impressive initiative to improve enterprise risk management.
  • Process Automation – for the most effective deployment of technology to automate business processes or decision-making.

A common theme across this year’s submissions for the above categories is the importance of agile technology, digital process automation, and consistent and focused practices across the organizations. A large number of the entries show that a streamlined and automated operational risk framework is critical to run a successful risk management program. Everything connects and has a consequence and unless banks can join the risk dots across their ecosystems, they will continue to spend at a very high rate with unsatisfactory and, at times, devastating results.

Improved data analysis and machine learning capabilities also featured prominently in the winning case studies. A central data platform, automated processes and improved insights have produced notable increases in efficiency, better control of costs, reduced resourcing requirements, reduced errors and false positives and have made it easier for the banks to adapt to their digital footprint, an expanding cyber threat landscape, and intense and complex regulatory obligations.

Hopefully, no flubs on the big day

Without exception, every submission is of a high-quality and we found it a daunting task to pick the most worthy award recipients. In the end, we are excited and confident about our selection of winners in the above categories, yet we are sorry that we could not recognize so many others that clearly also deserve recognition.

At the moment we are staying tight-lipped about who won the awards. We will be announcing all winners publicly on April 4 at our 2017 Innovation & Insight Day in Boston. In addition to presenting the award trophies to the winners, Celent analysts will be discussing broader trends we’ve seen across all nominations and will share our perspectives why we chose those particular initiatives as winners. Make sure you reserve your slot here while there are still spaces available!

 

How to Woo a Bank

How to Woo a Bank

When it comes time to choose a business partner, banks will favor those who help them execute their third party risk management (TPRM) responsibilities over those who begrudgingly comply.

The risk to a bank of doing business with a third party is real; the consequences of a risk event are not only disruptive, but often result in long-term reputational damage that can seriously affect the bottom lines of both the bank and the third party. We have all seen the media coverage. Parties who can make TPRM easier for banks by being proactive, transparent, and helpful will distinguish themselves in an ever more competitive environment.

They must show that they are compliant with the bank’s risk management requirements throughout the RFP, due diligence, onboarding processes, and lifecycle of the engagement.  OCC1 TPRM regulations alone require the bank to evaluate 16 risk dimensions when engaging with a third party. And, if the relationship involves a high or critical risk activity, the bank will carry out a much more thorough due diligence; often including an on-site visit to inspect operational risk procedures in the case of a risk event.

Furthermore, there is now an expectation that the third party will willingly take a portion of the liability of such an event.

Banks are introducing a new level of discipline and quantification around the measurement of third part risk. With this knowledge, banks can determine third party indemnification provisions and allocation of liabilities at the contract stage. You will be at a disadvantage if you do not have a way to measure and verify the scope of a potential risk event that involves your products or services.

Celent is also beginning to witness the inclusion of provisions within contracts that require a third party to reimburse the bank for out-of-pocket costs relating to data security breaches that occurred due to the third party's negligence. As banks continue to push back on third party risk liabilities, third parties need to ensure they have in place insurance policies that can fund indemnification obligations.

My recent two research reports discuss the changing and expanding landscape for TPRM and explain why banks, regulators and third parties need to commit to their significant other in the management and responsibility of risk.

Celent Model Bank Awards 2017: Banking Products Innovation

Celent Model Bank Awards 2017: Banking Products Innovation

This is the next article in a weekly series highlighting trends and themes from Celent’s Model Bank submission process. For more information on how the Model Bank Awards have evolved, see the first two pieces from my colleagues, Dan Latimore and Zil Bareisis

This week’s article focuses on Model Bank entries in the Products category. Part of the criteria for this category is that the solution needs to be in production and demonstrating business benefits. The Products entries for 2017 fall broadly into four sub-categories:

  • Payments Product — for launching the best consumer or business payments product.
  • Lending Product — for the most impressive consumer or business lending or collections initiative.
  • Open Banking — for the most impressive API strategy and results so far.
  • Product Innovation — for demonstrating the ability to launch multiple innovative products.

The majority of submissions in the Products category came from banks in developing markets, with only a handful from large global banks. The Model Bank award submissions came from Argentina, Germany, India, Korea, the Philippines, Poland, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey, UAE, and USA.

The Products category submissions were impressive indeed:

Payments: The submissions in this area focused on modernizing existing banking and payments infrastructure. With consumer expectations growing for real-time transactions and unified information across channels, banks are layering new capabilities onto legacy frameworks. Capabilities include accelerated check clearing, enhanced mobile wallets, simplified fraud controls, and streamlined charitable donations.

Lending:  Possibly threatened by alternative lenders, banks in this sub-category are improving the speed and convenience of loans for micro and small businesses. Some entries focused on expanding application channels, both digital and physical. New digital channels include SMS/text, ATM and Facebook. Physical channels include the local coffee shop. All of the submissions featured faster loan decisions through advanced analytics and paperless (or almost paperless) loan closings.  

Open Banking: Open Banking APIs have moved beyond hackathons and proofs of concept to production implementations. While some banks are rolling out Open API development portals in response to regulations like PSD2, the Model Bank candidates in this category are using APIs to improve the customer experience. The submissions represented two approaches to Open Banking. The first is the use of open APIs to connect directly with customers and developers, enabling transactions including B2B payments, personal remittances, loan disbursements, and e-Commerce refunds. The second is the use of open APIs as the core foundation for digital-only banking models. Third-party developers then create value-added client-facing applications using the bank’s exposed API services.

Product Innovation: This sub-category features partnerships with both traditional financial technology and start-up Fintech firms to make banking more convenient, create new offerings, improve customer service, expand a bank’s digital footprint, and personalize marketing offers.  

Want to hear more about the Celent Model Bank winners for payments product, lending product, open banking, and product innovation? Join us for the 10th annual Innovation and Insight Day on April 4th in Boston. In addition to revealing the winners of all the awards, Celent analysts examine the trends that are driving innovation in Banking. I look forward to seeing you there.

Model Bank 2017: Small Business and Corporate Digital Innovation Themes

Model Bank 2017: Small Business and Corporate Digital Innovation Themes

This is the fifth article in a weekly series highlighting trends and themes from Celent’s Model Bank submission process. For more information on how the Model Bank Awards have evolved, see the first two pieces from Dan Latimore and Zil Bareisis. This particular article is focused on innovations in small business and corporate banking:  two critical market segments for financial institutions as they seek revenue growth and relevance in the evolving digital B2B marketplace. 

When evaluating this year’s Model Bank submissions that are targeted at small business and corporate clients, we identified a number of excellent initiatives in each of the five overall categories:

    Customer Experience

    Products

    Operations and Risk

    Legacy Transformation / IT Platform Innovations

    Emerging Innovation

For these two segments, the Model Bank award candidates come from Europe, North America, the Caribbean, Asia Pacific and the Middle East. Despite the wide geographic spread of the submissions we received, certain common themes became evident that are important to highlight, 

Enhancing client experience is paramount: Banks are intensely focused on how to deliver solutions to clients in ways that are convenient and easy to use in order to meet the emerging expectations of business users based on their consumer experiences with technology. Creating a consolidated point of access for all corporate banking services using portal technology that eliminates the need for multiple logins and security procedures was just one of the types of initiatives that were submitted.  Mobile and tablet access are becoming mainstream channels for employees of business and corporate clients to effectively manage their daily workload no matter where they might be located.

Improving digital channels is not enough to succeed: The initiatives that demonstrate significant quantifiable benefits to banks and clients are those that address the inefficiencies in the way that bank employees interact with their clients but also involve the elimination of paper-intense, manual workflows both for the client and the bank. From the use of videoconferencing technology to access experts in trade finance for advisory services to the replacement of faxed instructions with digitally signed transactions initiated on mobile phones, banks are finding innovative ways to contribute to their own efficiency while also improving client productivity. Another critical element of the digitization of these processes is speed. Automation enables faster decisions (for example for credit approval) and this provides business with a superior service and the ability to manage their businesses rather than managing their banking relationships. These initiatives drive revenue growth and loyalty because the bank’s services provide quantifiable benefits to clients that are seeking to leverage technology advances in order to more effective manage their working capital.

Reinvention in Small Business Banking: I was struck by several of the initiatives that represent an entirely new way of thinking about how to enable entrepreneurs and small business owners to succeed. Rather than tweaking traditional banking solutions that are designed for consumers or larger businesses, several of the banks submitted initiatives that reflect an entirely different way of meeting the needs of small business clients. Recognizing that the needs of entrepreneurs and start-ups fall well beyond the services that a bank traditionally offers (i.e. credit, payments, cash management), a few innovative banks have attempted to reinvent business banking by offering a complete, integrated package that combines traditional banking activities with non-banking services that extend beyond even the adjacent types of solutions that banks typically make available through partnerships (e.g. payroll services). The goal of these packages is to offer a business owner every piece of business functionality and technology they would need to grow their business. What makes these solutions especially impactful is that they are designed from a business owner’s perspective and don’t reflect a bank-centric view of how the client should manage their business. 

I hope this brief description whets your appetite for more discussion on our award winners in small business and corporate banking at the 10th annual Innovation and Insight Day on April 4th in Boston. I look forward to seeing you there.